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The Shawnee News-Star
  • Good fat, bad fat 101

  • I think most people understand that consuming fats can be harmful to their health and detrimental for weight loss. There is some truth in that statement, however it is a little more complex than that. We actually need fats and can’t live without them. Fats are an important part of a healthy diet, specifically the good fats.
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  • I think most people understand that consuming fats can be harmful to their health and detrimental for weight loss. There is some truth in that statement, however it is a little more complex than that. We actually need fats and can’t live without them. Fats are an important part of a healthy diet, specifically the good fats. They provide essential fatty acids, keep our skin soft, deliver fat-soluble vitamins, support brain function, lubricate our joints, reduce some aches and pains, assist with immflamation, and are a great source for our body to use as energy, and more.
    Some Dietary Guidelines have recommended that adults get 20%-35% of their calories from fats. At a minimum, we need at least 10% to 15% of our calories to come from fat.
    Unfortunately the problem is that the normal American diet is higher in fat. Roughly 34% to 40% or more, of our calories come from fat. In addition the wrong types of fats. Why? Because they taste so good and are readily available everywhere we go. Fats bring out the flavor of foods and give our mouths and tummies the “feeling” of satisfaction. However friends, I would like to challenge you not to let these “feelings” be the primary basis for the calories that you consume, but instead, adopt a concept of balance that let’s your mental satisfaction be a driving force as well. Because there is great pleasure in knowing that your consumption choices are keeping you healthy, active, trim, feeling better, and stronger. Please place high value in the precious benefits you receive from consuming a healthy diet each and everyday. It takes a little effort sometimes, but yes, you can find foods that you enjoy, taste good, and keep you healthy at the same time.
    We have got to remember that fat is only part of the obesity problem that faces our nation right now. Simply put, eating more calories from carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and alcohol than you burn off will lead to weight gain. However, fat does play a significant role in obesity. Fat weighs in at 9 calories per gram, while proteins and carbohydrates each have 4 calories per gram. Alcohol has 7 calories for every gram you consume. It is very easy to overeat fats because they are in many of our favorites like french fries, processed foods, cakes, cookies, chocolate, ice cream, thick steaks, and cheese.
    Please also keep in mind that eating too much fat does more than just add inches to your waistline. It has been closely associated with increased rates of type 2 diabetes, certain cancers, and heart disease. Choosing the right types of dietary fats to consume is one of the most important factors in reducing the risk for develping heart disease. There seems to be a strong relation between being overweight and many types of cancers, especially breast cancer among postmenopausal women, and colon cancer.
    Page 2 of 3 - Eating less total fat will not directly lower your cancer risk, but it will help you control your weight, which in turn can reduce your risk of cancer.
    There are two basic groups of fats; saturated (bad fat) and unsaturated (good fat). Within each group there are several more types of fats.
    The “good fat” or unsaturated includes polyunsaturated fatty acids and monounsaturated fats. Both when eaten in moderation and used to replace saturated or trans fats can help lower cholesterol levels and reduce your risk for heart disease. Polyunsaturated fats, mostly found in vegetable oils, help lower both blood cholesterol levels and triglyceride levels. One of the most popular, omega-3 fatty acids, has been associated with wonderful heart healthy benefits when consumed. Omega-3’s are found in fatty fish like salmon, trout, catfish, mackerel, as well in a quality omega 3 supplement, flaxseed and walnuts.
    The other “good fat” or monounsturated fats provide a a good source of the antioxidant vitamin E, which is a nutrient often lacking in our diets. These “good fats” can also be found in olives, avocadoes, hazelnuts, almonds, Brazil nuts, cashews, sesame seeds, pumpkin seeds, and olive, canola, and peanut oils.
    Now, how about the two types of very “bad fats”; saturated and trans fatty acids. Both should be consumed with the utmost scrutiny and prortion control, because they can raise chlosterol levels, clog arteries, and increase your risk for heart disease. Saturated fats are found in animal products like meat, poultry skin, high-fat dairy, eggs, and coconut and palm oils.
    There are two types of trans fats:the naturally occurring, found in small amounts in dairy and meat; and the artificial kind that occur when liquid oils are hardened into “particially hydrogenated” fats. Natural trans fats are not as big a concern, especially when you choose low-fat options. The real worry is the artificial trans fats. They are used all the time in frying, baked goods, cookies, icings, crackers, packaged snack foods, microvwave popcorn, and some margarines. Research has shown that even small amounts of artificial trans fats can increase “bad” or LDL cholesterol and decrease the “good” or HDL cholesterol. Limiting these trans fats to less than 2 grams per day, and managing our overall fat intake to a minimum are two good goals for us all to strive for.
    I challenge you to become better label readers and choose a diet that is rich in lean protein, whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. Try replacing fattier sauces with vinegars, mustards, and lemon juice. See if you can find a light or reduced fat salad dressing that is appealing to your taste buds.
    There are many things you can do to improve your health, each and every day. All you have to do is turn the “ I can” into “I do” and improved health and performane will be yours for the taking, along with all of its many healthy benefits.
    Page 3 of 3 - Until next week stay heart healthy, and please make it a nutritious and healthy day! To get started on healthy weight loss and wellness nutrition products stop by Reggies Personal Training, 104 E. Main, Shawnee, call (405) 613-0237, email to reggiesnutrition@hotmail.com, or check out products at www.yourhealthmatters.truewealthathome.com.
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